The Influence of Employees’ Competence and Ethics on the Population Administration Service in Rantau Bayur Sub-District, Indonesia

Rohmiala, Desi Ulpa Anggrainib, Sri Ermeilac, Ega Leovanid, aSTIA Satya Negara Palembang, Indonesia, bSTIE Rahmaniyah Sekayu, Indonesia, cUniversity IBA Palembang, Indonesia, dUniversity Katolik Musi Charitas Palembang, Indonesia, Email: arohmial@stiasatyanegara.ac.id, bdesiulpaanggraini@stier.ac.id, csriermeila@iba.ac.id, dega@umc.ac.id

This study aims to explain the influence of competence and ethics on the public service that administrates population in an Indonesian sub-district. The population in this study is the whole citizenry of Rantau Bayur Banyuasin Sub-District, Indonesia. It is 17 years old and has administered residents from the sub-district office of Rantau Bayur Banyuasin. The total population in this study is 33,890 inhabitants,  which consists of 16,852 males and 17,038 women. The sampling technique in this study is isidental sampling. This study uses multiple linear regression analysis. The result of the research shows that competence significantly and positively affects the service of population administration. Then ethics have a significant and positive effect on the service of population administration and competence. Pages 1 to 12




Analysis of Noise Effects on Defect Levels and Work Productivity at PT. IndustriMarmer Indonesia (IMI)

Sajiyoa, Lutfi Fathurrahmanb, M Adhi Prasnowoc, Achmad Fathoni Rodlid, Ahmad Makkie, a,bIndustrial Engineering Department, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia, cIndustrial Engineering Department, Universitas Maarif Hasyim Latif, Sidoarjo, Indonesia, dEconomic Management Department, Universitas Maarif Hasyim Latif, Sidoarjo, Indonesia, eYayasan Pendidikan dan Sosial Maarif Sepanjang, Sidoarjo, Indonesia, Email: asajiyo@untag-sby.ac.id, blutfi.fathur301@gmail.com, cprasnowoadhi@dosen.umaha.ac.id, dfathoni_rodli@dosen.umaha.ac.id, erm_makki@yahoo.co.id

The research is a cross-sectional experimental study. This study used earplugs for operators working in production processes, to determine the effect of noise on product defect levels and productivity. The noise level received by each operator exceeded the allowed Hearing Threshold Level (HTL). Noise affects hearing health and operator comfort. After controlling noise through the use of Protective Equipment Ear (PEE), the work of operators cutting blocks increased, defective products decreased 1.73%, and the labour productivity index results increased 45.37%. For cross-cutting operators, defective products declined 3.38%, and labour productivity increased 44.47%. From research carried out the company was expected to pay attention to the comfort and health of workers, to control noise by increasing the damping material on a noisy machine, in addition to using ear protection such as ear plugs or earmuffs. Pages 13 to 22




 Asking Local Government to Commit to Implementing Inclusive Schools: Its Policy and Practice

Suprayitno Arie Putraa, Yoyok Soesatyob, Mudjito AKc, Lusy Tunik Muharlisianid*,a,dPostgraduate Student, Department of Education Management, Unesa, Surabaya, bProfessor, Department of Education Management, Unesa, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, cLecturer, Department of Education Management, Unesa, Surabaya, Jawa Timur, dDepartment of English Education, Universitas Wijaya Kusuma, Surabaya, Indonesia,

Email: asuprayitno.17070976016@mhs.unesa.ac.id; dlusytm_fbs@uwks.ac.id

This study aims to find out commitments performed by local government in implementing inclusive schools. For the study, the researcher designed a semi-structured interview for the officers of educational institutions; the principals and the special education teachers. It was conducted according to a qualitative methodology which included in-depth interviews, direct observations and recordings. A purposive random method was used to obtain data from two junior high schools, through two principals, two special teachers and two officers from educational institutions. In total there are 20 inclusive junior high schools of interest, in the largest regency of East Java, Indonesia. The study refers to the five categories of local government commitments, namely; to strengthen education administration practices, to use appropriate models of teaching and learning, to support some training for un-skilled special teachers, to give supporting financial aid for inclusive schools, and to establish many inclusive schools in every district. The policy and practice should be executed simultaneously for inclusive schools in every field of education. Pages 23 to 36




Funding Decisions in Determining Capital Structure in the Indonesian Stock Exchange, from a Pecking Order Theory Perspective

Yuniningsih Yuniningsiha, Muchranb, Amiruddinc, Bunyamin M Yapidd, Suci Ayu Kurniah Putrie,, aFaculty of Economics and Business  University of National Development “Veteran” East Java, Surabaya, Indonesia, bUniversitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia, cUniversitas Azzahra, Jakarta, Indonesia, dSTAI DDI Sidenreng Rappang, Indonesia, eDepartment of Ners Faculty Universitas Indonesia Timur Makassar, Indonesia,, Email: ayuniningsih@upnjatim.ac.id, bmuchran@unismuh.ac.id, camiruddin.azzahra@gmail.com, dbunyaminmyapid@gmail.com esuciayu_0904078701@uit.ac.id

This study purposed to determine the influence of funding decisions on capital structure, in terms of its amount. Funding decisions in this study include firm’s growth (X1) and active structure (X2). The method used is multiple linear regressions. It sees effect from a firm’s growth (X1) and active  structure (X2) variables for capital structure (Y). This research qualifies as research that is free from autocorrelation, heteroscedasticity and multicollinearity. The results of this study indicate that firms’ growth has no significant effect on capital structure. However, the asset structure variable has a significant positive effect on the capital structure, in accordance with the proposed hypothesis. This study is limited to two independent variables. It needs to be developed with many independent variables, and to use the firm grouped by type of stock index. This study has value is finding that a high firm’s growth is largely funded from internal equity.  This is in accordance with pecking order theory, that funding should be from internal equity, external finance and external equity. Pages 37 to 48



Murabaha Financing: Empirical Evidence in Indonesian Islamic Banking

Ade Komaludina, Iis Surgawatib, Jumric, a,b,cFaculty of Economics and Business, Universitas Siliwangi, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia, Email: aadekomaludin@unsil.ac.id, biissurgawati@unsil.ac.id,cjumri_Tj@yahoo.co.id

The purpose of this study was to determine and to analyze: (a) Is murabaha financing still influenced by conventional macroeconomic variables, especially the interest rate? (b) Which factors determine the most dominant of murabaha financing? and (c) How stable was murabaha financing in Indonesia between 2011-2018? Using the time series data test, the study concluded that in the long run that: (a) Murabaha financing is still significantly affected by the interest rate, economic growth and inflation rate, (b) The most dominant factor determining (influencing) murabaha financing is the rate of economic growth, followed by the interest rate, and (c) During the study period murabaha financing in the long run was stable. It means that the murabaha equation model did not experience structural changes. Pages 49 to 65


The Effect of Product Quality and Price on Buying Interest with Risk as Intervening Variables (Study on Lazada.com Site Users)

Bob Fostera, Muhamad Deni Johansyahb, aUniversity of Business and Informatics Indonesia Jl. Soekarno-Hatta No.643, Sukapura, Kiaracondong, Bandung City, West Java 40285, Indonesia, bDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km 21, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia, Email: abobriset@unibi.ac.id,  bdeni_johansyah@yahoo.com

Online purchasing decisions are preceded by the interest in the minds of consumers to make purchases, which are influenced by product quality and price. The research objective was to determine the effects of product quality and price on buying interest with risk as an intervening variable. The type of research used is explanatory research. Samples amounted to 165 respondents with a non-probability sampling method. Data collection was done using a questionnaire from a google form. Data was analysed using statistical methods with multivariate Structural Equation Modelling (SEM) techniques using the AMOS 24 application. The results showed that based on the results of the analysis on the effects of product quality directly on buying interest in Lazada, does not significantly influence the effect of prices and directly has a significant influence on buying interest. It is indicated that prices can influence high consumer buying interest in Lazada. The effect of buying interest directly on risk has a significant effect. Then, the effect of product quality on risk through buying interest has no effect, and the effect of price on risk indirectly through buying interest has a significant effect. Pages 66 to 78


EWOW'S Strength on Brand Image and Brand Trust and its’ Impact on Interest to Buy IPhone Smartphone Products

Bob Fostera, Muhamad Deni Johansyahb, aUniversity of Business and Informatics Indonesia, Jl. Soekarno-Hatta No.643, Sukapura, Kiaracondong, Bandung City, West Java 40285, Indonesia, bDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jl. Raya Bandung-Sumedang Km 21, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia, Email: abobriset@unibi.ac.idbdeni_johansyah@yahoo.com

At the present time, electronic word of mouth, brand image, and brand trust are variables that are prioritized in the smartphone business competition. Increasing new smartphone vendors and creating smartphone products with advantages over other brands will cause consumers to recognize products according to their needs. This study aims to analyze the power of eWOM on brand image and brand trust and its impact on iphone smartphone buying interest among students. This research uses descriptive method and PLS path analysis. The population in this research was Widyatama University students with sample collection using an iteration formula. The study samples were 116 respondents. The results of this study explain that eWOM affects the brand image and brand trust by 16.9% and 11.4% respectively and the remaining influence is due to other variables not examined in this study. EWOM affected purchase interest by 32.4% and brand image and brand trust cannot be used as mediating variables because indirectly these variable do not affect buying interest. Pages 79 to 93


Developing Website-Based Logistic Models with Migration Factors for Population Prediction

Diandra Chika Fransiscaa*, David Kristian Paathb, Padosroha Marbunc, Ismail Bin Mohdd, aDepartment of Information Technology, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Komputer Yos Sudarso Purwokerto, SMP 5 Karang Klesem Street, Purwokferto, Central Java, 53144, Indonesia, bDepartment of Multimedia and Network Technology , Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Komputer Yos Sudarso Purwokerto, SMP 5 Karang Klesem Street, Purwokerto, Central Java, 53144, Indonesia, cDepartment of Information System, Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Komputer Yos Sudarso Purwokerto, SMP 5 Karang Klesem Street, Purwokerto, Central Java, 53144, Indonesia, dInstitute of Mathematical Research, Putra Malaysia University, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: a*diandrachika10181993@gmail.com

The need for public information increases as information technology, such as internet, develops. Internet is a tool that is used to access information through a website. The SISIK Website is a site used to calculate the population  prediction in a region at a certain time. The aims of this research is to apply the website-based logistic model with migration factors as the function of the population in predicting a population in a region. The SISIK Website was developed by using waterfall software development method which covers the analysing, designing, implementing, testing, maintaining, and documenting phase. The modelling technique described from this research is Unified Modelling Language (UML). The results of this website are prediction reports on population in a region which can be a solution for policy makers like government or entrepreneurs to determine the relevant decisions for certain aspects such as the population, economy, education, as well as social and cultural aspects. Pages 94 to 109

Robust Model of the Combination of Expectations and Conditional Value-at-Risk from Paddy Farming Risk Management Based on Climate Variability

Diantiny Mariam Pribadia*, Sukonob, Riamanc, aMaster Program of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, INDONESIA, b,cDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, INDONESIA, Email: a*diantiny152@gmail.com

Agriculture is one sector that is vulnerable to risks, including production risk. Production risk is influenced by the uncertainty of climate variability, that results in reduced agricultural productivity. Risk management is an alternative method that can be used to reduce these risks. There are two risk management procedures that can be done, namely decision support systems and financial products. There are two risk measures used in these risk management practices, namely Value-at-Risk (VaR) and Conditional Value-at-Risk (CVaR). VaR is a risk measure that is widely used but has several weaknesses. The weakness of the VaR can be overcome by CVaR which is the expected loss in excess of VaR. However, in general information on the distribution of climate variables is not known with certainty. To overcome the climate uncertainty, work can be done through optimization modelling, with the Robust Conditional Value-at-Risk (RCVaR) approach. The aim of this study is to complete an agricultural risk management optimization model based on the uncertainty of climate variables with RCVaR under ellipsoid uncertainty. The solution of the robust expectations and CVaR models is stronger because it is the worst case of possible variability in climate variables. Pages 110 to 124


Characteristics of Weather and Rainfall Projection in 2021 around Jatigede Dam West Java for Fisheries Management

Titin Herawatia*, Ayi Yustiatib, Iskandarc, Zahidahd, Hafizan Juahire, Rumintaf, aDoctoral Program in Agriculture Science, Faculty of  Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, b,c,dFaculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, eEast Coast Environmental Research Institut, Sultan Zainal Abidin University, Malaysia, fDepartment of Agronomy, Faculty of  Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, Email: a*herawati.h19@gmail.com

The availability of water as a fish habitat in the Jatigede Dam is determined by the amount of rainfall and water supply from the headwater of the Cimanuk River. The purpose of this study is to determine the type of climate, weather parameter trends and opportunity for rainfall in the time period 2018-2021 as a basis for fisheries management. The method used for determining the climate was adapted from Schmidt and Ferguson (1952). Climatological parameters and projected trend of rainfall until April 2021 was made using the Autoregressive Integrated Moving Average model. The results show that the Jatigede Dam climate type is Monsoonal with moderate rainfall (Q 37.36%). The dry season occurs from May to October and the rainy season occurs at the end of October to April. The trend of rainfall, air humidity, and wind speed has decreased, while the air temperature and air pressure have increased. It can be concluded that based on rainfall patterns including the Monsoon climate type, and based on the Schmidt Ferguson type C climate (moderate rainfall): the peak of the dry season in July-August; the peak rainy season is in January-February; the transition season is in May-June and November and the projected rainfall in 2018-2021 in the Jatigede area, before the dam is flooded, follows a seasonal pattern and tends to decline, ranging from 210.70-288.16 on average 252.11 mm/month. Pages 125 to 147


Plankton Community Structure in Jatigede Reservoir, West Java

Titin Herawatia, Yayat Dhahiyatb, Walim Lilic, Ibnu Bangkit Bioshina Suryadid, Rizki Nugraha Saputrae, Hazimah Fikriyahf, aDoctoral Program in Agriculture Science, Faculty of  Agriculture, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, b,c,d,e,fFaculty of Fisheries and Marine Science, Universitas Padjadjaran, Sumedang 45363, Indonesia, Email: a*herawati.h19@gmail.com

Plankton community is an important biotic component in the aquatic ecosystem of the Jatigede Reservoir. The presence of plankton in the water is a very important link in the life support of other organisms as a source of natural food. This research aims to determine the plankton community structure in Jatigede Reservoirs. The method used is field observation data capture using a purposive sampling method in the five research stations that are: Wado (St. 1), Sukamenak (St. 2), Leuwihideung (St. 3), Cipaku (St. 4) and Jemah (St. 5) with a sampling frequency of six times in April 2017 and October 2017. The results show the identification in the waters of the Reservoir Jatigede of 11 phylum of plankton which consist of 54 genera: 40 genera of phytoplankton and 14 genera of zooplankton. The abundance of plankton in the highest spatial and temporal zone is in Wado in April (phytoplankton 57,484,308 cell L-1, which dominates from genus Sta-nieria and zooplankton 233,374,536 ind L-1, which dominates from genus Brachionus).  The structure of the phytoplankton community is suppressed to labile, low to moderate diversity (0.80 ≤ H ≤ 1.90), low to moderate uniformity (0.22 ≤ E ≤ 0.51) with low dominance (0.20 ≤ C ≤ 0.50). The community structure of zooplankton is suppressed, low to moderate  diversity (0.50 ≤ H ≤ 1.10), low uniformity (0.20 ≤ E ≤ 0.42) and medium dominance (0.41 ≤ C ≤ 0.70). Pages 148 to 166


Formulation of Functional Beverages Powder Based on Ambon Banana Flour (Musa Acuminata Colla) Enriched with Legume Flour

Prasetyorinia*, Aprilia Kartika Sarib, Mira Mirantic, aBiology Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Pakuan University, Bogor, Indonesia, bPharmacy Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Pakuan University, Bogor, Indonesia, Email: a*prasetyorini@unpak.ac.id

In this paper, the formula for functional beverages made from Ambon banana flour, enriched with legume flour to increase protein levels is discussed. Functional beverage powder in this study was made using four formulas with different additional ingredients: formula 1 enriched with soybean flour (F1), formula 2 enriched with mung bean flour (F2), formula 3 enriched with red bean flour (F3), and formula 4 without additional ingredients (F4). The four formulas were tested using an organoleptic test, sedimentation rate, and sediment height. Formula 1, 2, and 3 were tested using a hedonic test, and the best formula was found through proximate analysis and testing the determination of potassium and sodium levels. The results showed that F2 was the best formula, and the results analysis of functional beverage powder F2 determined 2.32% moisture content, 1.48% ash content, 5.62% protein, 1.41% fat, 89.17% carbohydrate, potassium 452.41 mg / 100 g, and sodium 320.04 mg / 100 g. Pages 167 to 178

Hybrid Correspondence with PCA Biplot for Grouping Districts/ Cities of West Java Based on Toddler Nutritional Status and the Causes of Malnutrition

Titi Purwandaria, Yuyun Hidayatb, Irlandia Ginanjarc, Sukma Budi Prasetyad, Sukonoe, a,b,c,dDepartment of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, eDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, Email: atitipurwandari@yahoo.combyuyun.hidayat@unpad.ac.idcirlandia_g@unpad.ac.iddSukmabudiprasetya@rocketmail.comesukono@unpad.ac.id

Nutritional status of toddlers is divided into four groups: poor nutrition, lack of nutrition, good nutrition, and over nutrition. The province of West Java still has the highest case of malnutrition in Indonesia. Malnutrition is caused by the absence of exclusive breastfeeding; not implementing Clean Healthy Life Behaviors (CHLB); unemployment; lack of health workers; level of parental education; poverty, and other factors. This study aims to describe the Regency / City and the causes of malnutrition in one map to make the process solution easier. The method used to solve this problem is Hybrid Correspondence with PCA Biplot. Using this tool, the West Java Provincial Health Office will be able to create a map for the Regency / City in light of the causes of malnutrition in the region. Based on the results of this study, a map showing regency / city groups detailing the nutritional status of children and the causes of malnutrition was obtained. From these results, West Java Provincial Health Office can deal with the causes of malnutrition optimally. Pages 179 to 188


A Review of Literature: The Role of External Variables in Learning Management System Utilization

Sousan Baleghi-Zadeha, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayubb, aFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Selangor, bFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor Darul Ehsan, Malaysia, Email: as_baleghi@yaho.combafmy@upm.edu.my

Today, the ratio of universities that have equipped themselves with Learning Management systems is increasing. However, the results of several studies have revealed that utilization of Learning Management System by students is limited. Technology Acceptance Model is one of the popular models which investigates factors affecting system utilization and includes external and internal variables. The purpose of the present paper is to investigate the external variables of the Technology Acceptance Model which affects Learning Management System utilization. The review of the related literature indicates that external variables are divided into four categories: individual differences, system characteristics, social influence and facilitating conditions. Therefore, to develop a comprehensive model, research should investigate all four categories. Pages 189 to 203


Effect of Geometry Instruction Using Van Heile’s Theory on Spatial Visualization Ability for Year Five Primary Learners

Aida Suraya Md. Yunusa, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayubb, Tan Tong Hockc, a,bFaculty of Educational Studies, Research Centre of Excellence in Innovative Teaching and Learning (INNOVATE) & Institute for Mathematical Research, Universiti Putra Malaysia, cTeacher Education Institute, Tun Hussein Onn Campus, Email: aaida@upm.edu.mybafmy@upm.edu.mycKenny7028@gmail.com

Geometry is one of the basic skills which involves the learning of shapes, size, relative position of figures, and the properties of space.  Previous studies showed that the learning of geometry requires spatial visualization ability. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect on spatial visualization ability brought about by three different learning strategies based on van Hiele’s theory.  These strategies were referred to as van Hiele’s phases of learning strategy (VH-PL) and van Hiele’s theory aided with the use of the Google SketchUp (GSU) software strategy (VH-GSU) and the conventional teaching strategy (NVH-CI). This study adopted the experimental approach involving 96 Malaysian public primary school students who were in Year Five with the two experimental groups VH-PL and VH-GSU while the NVH-CI was the control group. The Spatial Visualization Ability Test was used to measure student ability in spatial visualization. Results showed that there were significant differences in the spatial visualization ability of students who underwent the different teaching strategies. The post hoc test indicated that the use of GSU software in VH-GSU strategy enhances student spatial visualization ability when compared to not using software although both the VH-PL and VH-GSU strategies were based on van Hiele’s theory. Pages 204 to 217


Effectiveness of Outdoor Education Program on Physical Education Student Resilience

Shamsulariffin Samsudina*, Tengku Fadilah Tengku Kamaldenb, Azlizam Azizc, Hafizal Ismaild, Aris Fazil Ujange, a,bFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, c,dFaculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, eInstitut Pendidikan Guru Ilmu Khas, Email: a*shamariffin@upm.edu.my

Outdoor education programs are used as a medium for the learning process in secondary and tertiary educational institutions in Malaysia. Resilience is a characteristic and capacity that can overcome the impact of biological, psychological and social factors that threaten an individual’s health. The lack of research in Malaysia is one of many reasons for the perception that an outdoor education program is not a necessary inclusion in the curriculum. This perception can be changed by providing evidence which proves that outdoor education is important for students in fostering resilience when facing an extreme condition. This study provided an insight on the psychological resilience of the participant when engaged in an outdoor education program. A two week outdoor program was evaluated in the context of student psychological resilience. Bachelor of Education students studying Physical Education (N = 46 students) were involved in the study.  In this study, there are 5 parts of evaluation that need to be answered by the students to evaluate their reaction to the outdoor education program before and after delivery. The 4 parts were divided into: Respondent Background; Resilience Scale (RS); Ego-resilience Scale (ERS); Review of Personal Effectiveness (ROPE); and Social Support (SS). The study results showed that there is a significant difference before and after the program in terms of the scale of resilience [t (45) = 2.65, p = 0.01]; Self-Description [t (45) = 3.48, p = 0.01], Personal Effectiveness [t (45) = 4.70, p = 0.01] and social supports [t (45) = -3.73, p = 0.01]. Therefore, there is a significant relationship between: Resilience and Self-Description (r = 0.55, p = 0.01); Personal Effectiveness (r = 0.65, p = 0.01) and Social Support (r = 0.40, p = 0.01). Overall, student participation in outdoor education programs in UPM has a positive impact on their psychological resilience. Pages 218 to 229


Empowering Holistic Learning Experience through Project Outcome-based Learning (Po-BL): Reflecting on a Case Study of Malaysian University Undergraduate Students

Muhd Khaizer Omara, Nazia Azeemb, Shafinah Kamarudinc, Mohd Faiz Zainuddind, a,b,c,dFaculty of Educational Studies Universiti Putra Malaysia, Email: a*khaizer@upm.edu.my

The application of Project Outcome-based Learning (Po-BL) has been applied in teaching and learning environments for many years. Po-BL plays an important role in ensuring students learning effectiveness and frequency. Po-BL offers tangible invention as a result that is proof of student participation and which confirms student competency in the relevant subject-matter. However, it is often misinformed that not only can Po-BL transform student comprehension, in the context of the subject matter at hand, but also indirectly promotes student practical understanding which becomes the ultimate goal of the teaching and learning. This research argues that the existing accepted method of Po-BL, was not solely designed for the purpose of developing a product, but also encourages overall student learning experiences. In contemplating the issue, this research is a case study of 40 undergraduate students enrolled in STE3603 (Manipulative Skills III). This course takes 14 weeks (one semester) to complete. The students have undergone myriad Po-BL activities and participated in organizing an Innovation Showcase at the Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia. As part of the showcase, students were able to exhibit their invention (Robot) by contesting in a RoboWars competition. The students who experienced multiple phases in the Po-BL activities were invited to be part of the research study by answering online qualitative open-ended questions via Jot Form. The questions were formulated in a broader sense to allow participants to reflect on their entire experiences from Po-BL activities. All responses were downloaded in an Excel Spreadsheet and analyzed using two different phases, both Word Cloud and thematic analysis with the color-coding technique. The themes that emerged from the study describe the entire learning outcomes from the Po-BL experiences, which guide future research to glean more understanding on what Po-BL potentially offers. Pages 230 to 250

An Analysis of Policy Factors in Placing Officers in Structural Positions at the University of Mataram

Sayekti Suindyah Da, Abdul Farukb, Zulhijrac, Iwan Kuswandid, Khoiriyahe, Umar Al Faruqf, Khairuding, Muh Barid Nizarudin Wajdih, aEconomy of the Faculty of Darul Ulum University Jombang, East Java Indonesia, bMataram University, Indonesia, cUIN Raden Fatah Palembang, Indonesia, dSTKIP PGRI Sumenep,eSTAIM Probolinggo,fUIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim Malang, gInstitut Agama Islam (IAI) Muhammadiyab Bima,hSTAI Miftahul Ula Nganjuk, Email: adyah_susanti67@yahoo.co.id, babdulfaruk@yahoo.com,czulhijra_uin@radenfatah.ac.id,diwankus@stkippgrisumenep.ac.id, eriyaahmad89@gmail.com, fmazalfa2018@gmail.com, gkhairatummul12@gmail.com, hbaridnizar84@gmail.com

This research intends to investigate: 1. Factors  to be considered  in placing t employees in structural official policy. 2. The domain factor may be considered in placing  employees in a structural official policy. There are 10 factors included in this research: job achievement, experience, physical and mental health, marriage status, age, job stratification, education, technique abilities, managerial ability and ethnic group. However, only three factors are considered in placing employees in structural official policy in Mataram University. These are job achievement (Eigenvalue 3.900), experience (Eigenvalue 1.471), and physical and mental health (Eigenvalue 1.405). Reviews of these three reveal that job achievement is to be considered by having the highest Eigenvalue. The research recommends the above three factors: job achievement, experience, physical and mental health the  most important in  placing employees within  structural official policy in Mataram University. Pages 251 to 267


Exploring Critical Success Factors in the Governance of Malaysian Public Universities

Soaib Asimirana*, Ismi Arif Ismailb, aFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, bResearch Centre of Excellence in Innovative Teaching and Learning (INNOVATE) & Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Email: a*soaib@upm.edu.my

Universities are corporate bodies and as such the success of university governance will also depend on those critical success factor dimensions. It is hypothesised that critical success factors comprising information, communication, governance board policies, individual board members and governance processes affect the success of university performance. This research explores how these factors are implemented and affect the performance of public universities in Malaysia. In this paper, governance philosophy, framework and operational mechanisms are examined to explore how critical success factors in university governance are practised in Malaysian public universities. The required data was obtained by utilising a qualitative approach for data collection through in-depth interviews with key players including the Deputy Vice-Chancellors, selected Senate members, the university registrar, senior academicians and selected Board members as well as documentary analysis on universities’ important publications such as strategic plans . In this paper, the arguments focus on the interplay between the understanding of critical success factors, the framework and the question of how critical success factors in governance are carried out by those involved in the governance process. Pages 268 to 282

Measuring Meaningful Learning Experience: Confirmatory Factor Analysis

Norliza Ghazalia*, Mohamed Sahari Nordinb, aFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, bKulliyyah of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia, Email: a*alezg@upm.edu.my

A meaningful learning environment is important in the 21st century educational landscape. Meaningful learning engages students in dynamic instructional activities which can facilitate learning in the 21st century , and thus encourage the growth of holistic human characteristics. However, limited research has explored and measured the factors of meaningful learning. Thus, the purpose of this study is to identify the underlying factors that measure meaningful learning experience among university students in Malaysia. The study conceptualises meaningful learning experience in five dimensions (i.e. cooperative learning, active learning, authentic learning, constructive learning, and intentional learning). Data was  collected with a 31-item questionnaire, the reliability of which  indexes range from 0.838 to 0.885 in  dimensions. The study population consists of  University students who willingly volunteered to participate in the research (N=1,524). A sample of 603 respondents was drawn through simple random sampling. Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was used to analyse the data. The findings of the study indicates that the measurement model for meaningful learning  achieved an acceptable level of fit. All  statistics provide empirical evidence towards the fact that the meaningful learning measurement model is also psychometrically sound in terms of validity and reliability. Pages 283 to 296

Model of the Relationship between Knowledge, Skills and Disposition of Alternative Assessment and Higher Order Thinking Skills among Educators

Tajularipin Sulaimana, Amalina Ibrahimb, Suzieleez Syrene Abdul Rahimc, Muhammad Nazrul Hakimd, Rosmaria Omare, aFaculty of Educational Studies & Sport Academy, Universiti Putra Malaysia, b,eFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, cFaculty of Education, University Malaya, dFaculty of Medicine And Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia,

Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) play an important role in the learning and teaching process. Educators also play an important role in the development and implementation of HOTS. In addition, the implementation of alternative assessment methods as a new form of assessment in the teaching and learning process is also emphasised. The goal of this study is to identify the relationship between educators’ knowledge, skills and disposition of alternative assessment and HOTS in Selangor, and also to determine the coherence of the structural equation model between Knowledge, Skills and Disposition constructs on HOTS. A total of 232 educators were selected as respondents. The questionnaire used was validated and demonstrated high reliability. In addition, data was analysed using SPSS to determine correlation and regression, while AMOS software was used to determine structural model correspondence. The results show that the relationship between knowledge construct and HOTS is moderate with r = 0.561. The skills construct with HOTS also shows a moderate correlation of r = 0.628. Pages 297 to 309

Mooc’s Daunting Journey: Bridging the Gaps between Theoretical and Practical Demands

Ab Jalil Habibaha*, Juhary Jowatib, Ismail Ismi Arifc, Bakar Norasikend, a,cFaculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, bThe National Defense University of Malaysia, dFaculty of Information and Communication Technology, Universiti Teknikal, Email: a*habibahjalil@upm.edu.my

Over the past 2 years, the Malaysian education landscape has seen considerable growth in the popularity of MOOCs (Massive Open Online Courses). This has been strengthened by the ninth shift in the Malaysia Education Blueprint for Higher Education with its emphasis on globalised online learning. As such, higher education providers are expected to provide a learning environment in which MOOCs have been seamlessly integrated into teaching and learning processes. This paper attempts to document the journey, as undertaken by Malaysian public universities, towards the process of designing, developing and the eventual deployment of MOOCs. As such, this paper focuses on three major concerns pertaining to the challenges inherent in MOOCs: understanding the context of learning, appropriate pedagogy and methodology, and the reality of MOOC practises. The data for this paper was obtained from various research activities undertaken in collaboration with the platform provider for the pilot MOOCs programs of four compulsory University courses provided to all public University students in Malaysia from the beginning of the 2014/2015 academic year. Three important findings emerged from these studies, and it is suggested that the decision to embrace MOOCs, while not without its benefits, may still require further consideration, especially on the part of content developers and policy makers. This paper attempts to document the journey undertaken by Malaysian public Universities in designing and developing the content of MOOCs. Pages 310 to 331

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Procurement Policy for Electronic Identity (e-ID) cards and its Effect on Citizen Trust in Indonesia

Muhamad Deni Johansyaha, Bob Fosterb, Jumadil Saputrac,*,  aDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Jatinangor, Sumedang, Jawa Barat 45363, Indonesia, bUniversitas Informatika dan Bisnis Indonesia, Sukapura, Kiaracondong, Bandung, West Java 40285, Indonesia, c,*Department of Economics, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu Malaysia,  Email: adeni_johansyah@yahoo.combbobriset@unibi.ac.id , c,* jumadil.saputra@umt.edu.my

In the past two years, the delaying of e-identity cards (e-ID) for recording purposes has demonstrated the failure in the implementation of e-ID created by the government. For this reason, the government issued a new procurement policy. Unfortunately, it does not guarantee success for solving its issue. Thus, this study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of the procurement policy for an electronic identity card and its impact on citizen trust in Indonesia. This study is designed using quantitative through exploratory research. The data is collected by utilizing simple random sampling and determined by using the Yamane Formula and then analysed with Structural Equation Modelling (Partial Least Square) by assisting the statistical software, namely, XLSTAT.  The results of the analysis show that the procurement policy and effectiveness for electronic identity cards have a significant positive effect on citizen trust. Also, the effectiveness of policy implementation intervenes in the relationship between policy implementation and citizen trust partially. In conclusion, we identified that the effectiveness of policy implementation has a significant effect on citizen trust, but it is not considered more important than the procurement of raw materials for electronic identity cards (e-ID). The procurement policy for a blank identity card is a crucial factor and should be prioritized.  Pages 332 to 346

Implications of Ownership Structure on Firm Value with Financial Decision as Intervening Variable (State-owned Enterprise Sector of Indonesia Stock Exchange)

Neneng Susantia*, Azhar Affandib, Aldrin Herwanyc, aFaculty of Business Management, Universitas Widyatama, Bandung, Indonesia, bFaculty of Economics, Universitas Pasundan, Bandung, Indonesia, cDepartment of Management and Business, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia, Email: a*neneng.susanti@widyatama.ac.id

This study aims to find out the implication of ownership structure on firm values with financial decisions as the intervening variable on manufacturing enterprises registered in the IDX. The samples taken were 14 enterprises from 20 state-owned enterprises (BUMN) between 2015 and 2017. The method was structural equation model (SEM) with the employment of AMOS 23.0 software. The results showed that ownership structure influences investment decisions and dividend policies while funding decisions do not affect ownership structure. Investment decisions and dividend policies influence firm values, but give no impact on financial decisions. Furthermore, investment decisions, financial decisions and dividend policies cannot function as intervening variables in affecting the ownership structure on firm values. Pages 347 to 363

Mean-VAR Portfolio Optimisations: An Application of Multiple Index Models with Non-constant Volatility and Long Memory Effects

Sukonoa*, Eman Lesmanab, Herlina Napitupuluc, Yuyun Hidayatd, Jumadil Saputrae, Puspa Liza Binti Ghazalif, a,b,cDepartment of Mathematics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, dDepartment of Statistics, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Padjadjaran, Indonesia, eDepartment of Economics, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Development, Universiti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Nerus, Terengganu, Malaysia, fFaculty of Economic and Management Science, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin, Malaysia, Email: a*sukono@unpad.ac.id

One strategy by investors facing risky investments is portfolio optimisation. Therefore, this study aims to analyse the formulation of Mean-VaR portfolio optimisation under multiple index models with non-constant volatility (ARFIMA) and long memory effects (GARCH). Further, the mean and variance of stocks is estimated using multiple index models. The value of mean and variance is used to calculate the Value-at-Risk (VaR), as a measure of risk. Portfolio optimisation is determined using Mean-VaR model, the Lagrangian multiplier approach, and Kuhn-Tucker's theorem. The optimisation analysis result shows that the minimum risk for weight vector composition as x' is (0.1191, 0.2393, 0.0855, 0.2626, 0.2936), with a portfolio mean of 0.0244 and Value-at-Risk of 0.0457. In conclusion, the investor must consider the composition of the weighted index to identify the minimum risk for the investment capital allocation. Pages 364 to 381
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