Volume 8, Issue 1, November, 2019

Special Edition: International Conference on Vocational Education and Training (ICOVET) 2019

                          ICOVET logo





Relevance of Employability Skills of Informatics Education Students to the Business and Industrial Sector

Tri Atmadji Sutikno1, Retno Ayu Dwi Astuti2, I Made Wirawan3, Wahyu Nur Hidayat4 1234Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

This research aims to determine the relevance of employability skills of Informatics Education students to the needs of the business and industries in Informatics in Malang City; this is based on the industrial practice of the Informatics Education Program (IEP) at the State University of Malang (UM). The technique of collecting data was using questionnaires intended for 55 students of Informatics Education Program which has implemented Industrial Practice, and nine businesses and industries consisting of 40 respondents, using purposive sampling.  A questionnaire used to determine the level of relevance of employability skills of Informatics Education students who have applied in business and industry. The results of the questionnaire showed the relevance of employability skills of students of the Informatics Education Program with the needs of business and industry in the high category. Pages 1 to 9




Information Literacy Instruction Model Development for Higher Education Library Instruction

Arman1,*, Murni Winarsih1, Nurdin Ibrahim1

1 Department of Educational Technology, Postgraduate Program Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, 13220, Indonesia

* Corresponding author: **armanamir_lpg@yahoo.co.id

Fostering students information literacy (IL) skills are frequently discussed among librarians and lecturers in higher education because they are a major prerequisite for academic society, and vital to academic success. This paper presents the formative evaluation for  The A6S (analyse, select, search, sort, synthesise, share, and self-evaluation) information literacy instruction (ILI) model development, through a series of Tessmer’s formative evaluation phases. This was carried out at the Islamic Science Faculty of Muhammadiyah University Lampung, Indonesia. The data were collected through checklists and questionnaires, and analysed both qualitatively and quantitatively. Based on the findings, the proposed ILI model was effective in improving students’ IL skills and had a good appeal. Thus, the model can be implemented to this institution. Pages 10 to 21




 Improving the Quality of Vocational Education in the 4.0 Industrial Revolution by using the Teaching Factory Approach

Bella Cornelia Tjiptady1,*, Yoto1, Tuwoso1

1Vocational Education Program, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

*Corresponding author : tj_bella@yahoo.com

The development of the industrial revolution 4.0 allows each individual to improve the quality and optimisation of brain function. Education in vocational schools should be more innovative and creative, in responding to the challenges and opportunities of the implications of the industrial revolution 4.0. To solve this problem is having a model approach to a teaching factory. There are three teaching factory models, namely: the first model of schools to build mini replicas of industries that establish cooperation, so that students can learn to assemble and produce goods for industries that work together; the second model is the school building a teaching factory along with industry partners and teaching factories located inside and outside the school; and, the third model, the teaching factory, takes the form of a special collaboration class between industry partners and Vocational Schools so that students practice skills in two places, namely in laboratories in schools and in factories owned by industrial partners. Industrial assistance in the teaching factory will have an impact on participants through learning experiences in real conditions so that they can help improve the quality of vocational education. Pages 22 to 28




Analysis of Job Competency Requirements in the Construction Services Industry for Vocational High School of Construction and Property Engineering Expertise Programs

Catur Widho Wati1, R.M. Sugandi2, Isnandar2

1 Vocational Education Postgraduate, State University of Malang

2 Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Enginering, State University of Malang

*Corresponding author : caturwidhowati@gmail.com

The purpose of this study is to find job competency requirements in the construction services industry for graduates of Construction and Property Engineering (TKP) Vocational Schools in Malang City. The development of the construction service industry is currently very rapid, marked by infrastructure development in various regions in Indonesia, so that it requires a lot of workers in the construction sector. The existence of a large number of labour needs provides good opportunities for graduates of the Vocational School in the Construction and Property Engineering expertise program. Graduates from TKP have opportunities that are very diverse, ranging from image interpreters, estimators, surveyors, admins and so forth. However, many graduates do not meet the work requirements of industrial construction services. The importance of this research is to synchronise the competency needs in the DU/DI construction services with the formation of competencies in schools, through learning activities in schools. This research is a survey with a quantitative approach. Data collection techniques using questionnaires were then analysed using a descriptive statistical method. The findings of this research can be used by Vocational Schools in preparing their students through vocational subjects and field experiences that are able to provide insights which are in line with developments in the field today. Pages 29 to 38




The Influence of Work Period, Functional Position, and Professionalism of Lecturers’ on the Level of Thinking in making Exam Questions

Elfia Najib Kholifiatin1,*, Sutrisno1, Tri Kuncoro1

1Vocational Education Program, State University of Malang, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: elfianajib@gmail.com

The purpose of this research was to describe work period, functional position, professionalism of the lecturer, and the level of thinking in the test questions, and describe the influence of years of work period, functional positions, and professionalism of the lecturer, on the level of thinking in the test questions. This type of research is ex post facto. The sample of this study was all Civil Engineering Department Lecturers at the State University of Malang. The data analysis technique uses descriptive analysis and regression tests. The results of the study were that most of the lecturers were nearing retirement, reaching the position of head lecturer, namely functional positions IVa, IVb, and IVc, and reaching a professional level so that they had a lot of experience, achievements, and were certified. The level of thinking in the test questions the lecturer made was at a high level (HOTS), and there was a real tendency for the new work period to be lower than the old work period.  The higher the class, and the more professional it was, the higher in making the HOTS exam questions. Pages 39 to 51




The Development of The Interdisciplinary Thematic Learning (INTEL) Model in Vocational Education

Marsono1, Yoto2, Mazarina Devi3 & Siti Salina Mustakim4

1,2 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang. Jl. Semarang 5, Malang, Indonesia

3 Department of Industry Technology, Universitas Negeri Malang. Jl. Semarang 5, Malang, Indonesia

4Department Foundation Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM Serdang, Malaysia

1coresponding author: marsono.ft@um.ac.id

The Industrial Revolution 4.0 took place along with the rapid development of science and technology, so that it spurred every line of life to be able to innovate optimally in facing the challenges of global competition and the emergence of new jobs. The purpose of this study is to develop learning models to provide integrated learning between vocational study programs through Model Interdisciplinary Thematic Learning (INTEL). This research was carried out collaboratively by creating a special class collaboration model between three vocational study programs (Mechanical Engineering, Electronics Engineering, and Culinary) at the Malang State University Faculty of Engineering. The research method was conducted by research and development of interdisciplinary thematic learning models, by taking the theme robotic culinary in Industry 4.0. There are four stages of development of INTEL Model, namely: 1) identifying technology in the world of work and student characteristics; 2) analysing instructional learning/competencies that students must have; 3) compiling a collaborative lecture strategy including making the syllabus, lesson plans, and lecture modules; and 4) compiling evaluation and evaluation tools for learning implementation. The results of this study are expected to provide real experience in the work world; therefore, it will affect the improvement of competency skills of vocational education students. Pages 52 to 64




Development of a Mobile Based Education Game on Parikan, Paribasan, and Tembang As a Java Language Learning Media For Vocational Students

Dila Umnia Soraya,*, Hakkun Elmunsyah, Vivin Lisa Indriyanti, Wahyu Setiawan, Putri Yuni Ristanti

Universitas Negeri Malang

*Corresponding author : dila.umnia.ft@um.ac.id

The mobile based Education Game on Parikan, Paribasan, and Tembang is an educational game that aims as a learning media of Java Language for vocational students. The Game development was inspired by students' low interest in learning Javanese. Players are invited to learn parikan, paribasan, and Javanese songs (tembang), especially Tembang Macapat. The game contains quizzes to complete text hitchhiking, interpret meanings, and identify traits. This game was developed using Unity 3D 5.4 and was designed using Corel Draw X7. The development method adopted from Research & Development (R&D) of Borg & Gall, consists of six stages, namely: determining potential and problems, gathering information, product development, product validation, product revisions, and product trials. Product validation involves media and material experts. The results of product validation are a representation of the feasibility of the media and material for the product that was developed and subsequently used, as suggestions for improvement before the trial was carried out. The trial involved research subjects in vocational students in Malang, involving around 30 students who were randomly selected. The implementation results indicated that this game is valid and feasible to use, 87% of students giving very interesting responses and 13% of students giving interesting responses. Pages 65 to 79




The Effectiveness of Utilising Web-learning Media Towards Islamic Education Learning (PAI) Outcome in The Era of Industrial Revolution 4.0

Dina Mardiana1, Daniar Chandra Anggraini2

1Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Muhammadiyah Malang

2Student of Faculty of Islamic Studies, University of Muhammadiyah Malang

Corresponding Author: dinamardiana@umm.ac.id

This study aims to analyse the effectiveness of e-learning in the Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyyah Women’s Junior High School in Malang. The study was conducted on students in grades VII at the school, by using a quantitative approach and a research survey. The primary data sources were students in grades VIIA and VIIB, school web data and teachers. The instruments of data collection used questionnaires, observation and documentation of archives in Al-Irsyad Al-Islamiyyah Women’s Junior High School in Malang as the object of research. Sampling data sources is done purposively. Data were analysed using a test instrument validity, reliability test, as well as a descriptive analysis of data pre-test and post-test. Furthermore, the data elaborated and described T-test using SPSS 21,00. The results of the study show that the class learning based on the e-learning strategy in the experimental class (VIIA) is more effective than learning in the control class (VIIB) in terms of student learning outcomes. Through the calculation of normalised gain values between the experimental classes, it shows a higher number than the control class, namely g = 0.70 in the experimental class and g = 0, 60 in the control class. Pages 80 to 96




Analysis of the Competence of Expertise in the Intership Program in the Industrial Era 4.0 Vocational Education in Indonesia

Duwi Leksono Edy1, Siti Malikha2, Widiyanti3, Andika Bagus Nur Rahma Putra4

Mechanical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia(1,3,4), Vocational Education, SMKN 1 Singosari, Indonesia(2)

Email: duwi.leksono.ft@um.ac.id

This study aims to analyse the suitability of expertise competencies through the fabric of cooperation between vocational and industrial education, information on where the Internship program is implemented, the role of educational institutions, and individual factors of students. The approach used in this research is a qualitative approach with a case study. The results of this study are: (1) Collaboration has not been established in a binding manner and is still on the proposal and application letter for the Internship program, reciprocity based on the specific task of the supervisor, (2) The role of the industry is appropriate for the Internship program based on the analysis of competency expertise; (3) The role of educational institutions in the provision of expertise competencies in terms of theory and practice is appropriate, in terms of monitoring and learning planning there needs to be improvements such as cooperation in a bound; and (4) Individual factors play a key role in apprenticeship learning, such as mastery of expertise competencies, and soft skills. Pages 97 to 119




 The Effect of Problem-Based Blended Learning Models on Learning Outcomes and Achievement Motivation of Automotive Engineering Study Program Students

Dwi Agus Sudjimat, Sumarli, Imam Muda Nauri, Fuad Indra Kusuma

State University of Malang, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: dwi.agus.ft@um.ac.id; agussudjimat@gmail.com

This study aims to examine the effect of a problem-based blended learning (PBBL) model on learning outcomes in drawing automotive design and student achievement motivation. This study was conducted using quasi-experimental research with the subjects of the two offerings of student participants in the Automotive Design Course at the Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang (UM) in the odd semester 2018/2019 which was determined randomly. The blended learning model used is an e-learning application that has been implemented at UM through the SIPEJAR Program. Data collection on learning outcomes for drawing automotive design was done based on the overall results of the automotive design drawing assignments which are assessed based on the assessment sheet, and for achievement motivation data was done through a questionnaire. The research data were analysed using the t-test technique which was preceded by a prerequisite test for all research data which included a normality test and a homogeneity test. The results showed that the PBBL model had a positive and significant effect on learning outcomes in drawing automotive design and student achievement motivation where groups of students that taught using the PBBL model showed higher learning outcomes and achievement motivation than groups of students taught using conventional models. Pages 120 to 141




The Influence of Digital Collection and Research Support in Information Literacy on the Level of Student’s Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory

Fadila Fitria Wulandari1,*, Tri Kuncoro1, Tuwoso1

1Vocational Education Program, State University of Malang, Indonesia

*Corresponding author : fadilawulandari@gmail.com

Information literacy and critical thinking are part of the 21st century skills that must be had by every person in knowledge society, especially in the academic program for identifying and finding information sources that support in research activities. This research is focused on knowing the effect of student information literacy on critical thinking disposition inventory. Data was obtained using a quantitative non-experiment with survey methods analysed using simple linear regression. Study sample consisted of 54 students from total population of 90 students at the last level Building Engineering Education Bachelor Program in State University of Malang. Data collection used questionnaire instruments that were published by ACRL Information Literacy Assessment and California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI) on a scale of 4. The results showed that the students had good information literacy and very poor critical thinking. But information literacy has a significant effect on critical thinking by 31% and the rest is influenced by other factors. The level of information literacy and critical thinking of students are purposed in writing scientific papers for the last year of students. Exploration factors that influence students' critical thinking disposition inventory in addition to information literacy are recommended for further research because it is useful to accelerate the study period. Pages 142 to 152




 Problem-based Learning Method with the Teaching Factory Concept for Improving Student Learning Scores in the Steering, Brake, And Suspension System Course

Hasan Maksum,*, Wawan Purwanto, Agus Baharudin

Automotive Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Padang

*Corresponding author : hasan_maksum@yahoo.co.id

Quality learning processes are needed to improve student competence. This study aims to reveal the improvement of student learning scores through problem-based learning with the concept of factory teaching in the steering, brake, and suspension subjects in the automotive department, engineering faculty, Universitas Negeri Padang. Practical problems in the company are used as studies in learning in schools. To find out the success of this method, we used a sample of 32 students as a control class and 32 students as an experimental class. From the evaluation, it shows that learning scores of the experimental class students are higher than the control class students. Pages 153 to 162




Parental Support and Career Guidance as an Effort to Improve the Career Adaptability of Vocational High School Students

Imam Alfianto1,*, Waras Kamdi 2, Isnandar 2, Ahmad Dardiri2

1 Doctoral Students of Vocational Education - Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

2 Vocational Education - Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

*Corresponding author : imam.alfianto.ft@um.ac.id

Career adaptability is a concept that supports student success in a career. However, the data shows that the career adaptability of vocational high school students is lower than public high school students. This condition is also evident from the level of absorption of vocational high school graduates in working. Career guidance service at a school is one of the goals to lead students to succeed in pursuing a career. Parents who always care about their children's careers will help them succeed in their career planning. This study is to see how much parent support and career guidance affects career adaptability of vocational high school students. Data analysis uses multiple linear regression. A total of 215 vocational students were involved in this study from Malang and Blitar. The results showed that career guidance would improve the career adaptability of the vocational student but parental support is not significant. Pages 163 to 173




Enhancing Student’s Ability Through A Job Shadowing Program in A Fashion Department in Indonesia

Kusumawardani, H.,1, Zahro, S.,2, Arofah, M., A.,3, Ramadhani, R., A.,3, Swastika, V.,

3, Istia, S., N.3

1Senior Lectures in Fashion Education Department, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

2Junior Lectures in Fashion Education Department, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

3Student in Fashion Education Department, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

The job shadowing program was used in this study because the students can do the same work that is conducted by owners of fashion industries. Hence, the purpose of this study is to enhance a student’s ability through the job shadowing program, especially in the Fashion Department of Universitas Negeri Malang. The qualitative approach was used in this study through observations and interviews. One student and two owners of fashion industries were involved in this study. To make sure the data is valid, researchers used triangulation. The results of this study presented that the job shadowing program can help students to directly gain new knowledge from industry. Besides, students who participated in this study can compare which sewing technique is effective enough to implement in the class. Therefore, the job shadowing program can be implemented to enhance the student’s ability, especially in sewing techniques. Pages 174 to 194




The Contribution of Social Media Use, Creativity, and Entrepreneurial Interest to Vocational High School Students’ Entrepreneurial Readiness

Mojibur Rohman*, Haris Anwar Syafrudie, Dwi Agus Sudjimat, R.M. Sugandi, Didik Nurhadi

Universitas Negeri Malang

*Corresponding author email: mujiburrohman1988@gmail.com

In addition to work, vocational high school also aims to prepare graduates for entrepreneurship. Therefore, schools are required to equip their students with skills and abilities to become young entrepreneurs after graduation. This study aimed to determine the contribution of the use of social media, creativity and entrepreneurial interest as a mediator in entrepreneurship readiness of vocational high school students. The study design used a correlational quantitative approach involving 114 students. The research instrument used a questionnaire, then the data were analysed by path analysis. The research findings showed that: 1) the use of social media and student creativity had a significant effect on entrepreneurial interest; 2) the use of social media had no effect on entrepreneurial readiness; 3) student creativity and interest in entrepreneurship had a significant effect on entrepreneurial readiness; 4) the use of social media through entrepreneurial interest had a significant effect on entrepreneurial readiness; and 5) student creativity through entrepreneurial interest did not significantly influence entrepreneurship readiness. With these findings, it was advisable for schools to pay attention to these factors in order to increase students’ readiness to become successful entrepreneurs. Pages 195 to 208




Development of Learning Materials Based on Blended Learning in Telecommunication Courses for Students of Electrical Engineering Education

Muladi*, Syafiq Ubaidillah, I Made Wirawan

1 Universitas Negeri Malang

*Corresponding author : muladi@um.ac.id

Telecommunication is a compulsory subject for the students of Electrical Engineering Education, Universitas Negeri Malang. Based on the preliminary observation conducted in the Department of Electrical Engineering, pieces of information which were obtained that there were no structured and specific learning materials that is made for the learning of Telecommunication subjects. In accordance with the 4.0 industrial revolution, there is a need to adjust the effective strategies and learning materials in college courses. Blended learning is an effective alternative learning strategy to be implemented in current lectures. Therefore, research and development for blended learning materials is conducted in a Telecommunication course. The purpose of the research and development are to design, develop, and test the feasibility and expedience of the products. The blended learning material is developed using a research and development model that is referred to by Sadiman (2010:100). The resulted products are validated by material and media experts. The products trial was applied to 56 students divided into small group trials and field evaluations. In the end, the results of the material validation that have been gathered is 89.1% and media validation is 89%. Then, the data gathered from the students have 86.13% in small group trials and 88.15% in field evaluations. Pages 209 to 220




Women in Fashion: Preference and Existence of Handmade Fashion Products

Nurul Hidayati, S.Pd., M.Sn, Anggaunita Kiranantika, M. Sosio

Department of Industrial Technology , Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Malang,
Malang – Indonesia.

Corresponding author: nurul.hidayati.ft@um.ac.id; anggaunita.fis@um.ac.id.

Pasuruan Regency has potential in the fashion industry which is spread over several sub-districts. Developing hand embroidery products must be accompanied by good product marketing in order that the people's economy can increase as well. However, this cannot be done by all workers (artisan) and entrepreneurs due to the lack of education and knowledge about product development and business management, so that from year to year the number of artisans is decreasing because of the decrease of product marketing. Entrepreneurs have poor understanding about consumer preferences of the products, so it needs better marketing support. The purpose of this research is to know consumer preferences on handmade fashion products in Bangil, Kraton, Beji and Rembang. Pages 221 to 237




The Development of a Learning Tutorial Media Video in Making Sambiloto Masks with a Mixture of Rice Flour in Traditional Cosmetics Subjects

Nurul Hidayah1, Titin Supiani1

1Cosmetology Department, Engineering Faculty, Universitas Negeri Jakarta Jl. Rawamangun Muka, East Jakarta Jakarta, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: nrl.hdy@gmail.com, tsupiani@gmail.com

This research is to create tutorial media video in making a Sambiloto mask with a mixture of rice flour in traditional cosmetics subject. This is because students have a problem that they are less motivated in making natural masks and making packaging so that there is a need to renew this using learning media in media tutorial. Media in teaching learning processes can create the desire and stimulation of student learning activities. Methodology of this research is Research and Development (R&D) model of ADDIE. Based on the results of research, the development of a video tutorial on making Sambiloto masks with a mixture of rice flour has been suitable as a learning medium. Data obtained based on the results of the feasibility test by material experts obtained a value with a percentage of 92%, the results of the feasibility test by media experts obtained a value with a percentage of 96%, and the results of the feasibility test by users get a value with a percentage of 87%. Overall, the data produced shows that the eligibility criteria for video tutorials as a learning media for making Sambiloto masks with a mixture of rice flour in traditional cosmetics courses has fulfilled various characteristics of very good media or are very suitable to be used as learning media for traditional cosmetics courses. Pages 238 to 248




Creative entrepreneur development in the vocational school creative industry and art sector for city tourism support

Biwara Sakti Pracihara(1)(2), Luthfiyah Nurlaela(2), Muchlas Samani(2), Munoto(3)

(1)Vocational High School 12 Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

(2)Vocational Education, Postgraduate Program, Surabaya State University, Surabaya-East Java, Indonesia

Email: pracihara@gmail.com

Indonesia's economic construction, especially the creative economy can be realised through the creative industries. Cultural diversity is a strong capital base, sustained by technological progress. Vocational school can play a role in economic development, with the development of the creative industry, where it has special interest in arts and culture. Organised learning practices produce quality products in accordance with market needs and education tour purposes. In the development of vocational arts and cultural-based characteristics of the arts and creative industries, results of creative products are to enhance the creative economy. Starting from the expected, becoming an institutional vocational school as a tourist destination city for being able to produce creative industries. Pages 249 to 257




 Readiness Level of Vocational High Schools in Teaching Factory Implementation

Ratna Suhartini1,*, Luthfiyah Nurlaela1, Muchlas Samani1, Ari Wardono1, Asto Buditjahjanto1, Munoto1.

1 Postgraduate Program, Universitas Negeri Surabaya. Surabaya, Indonesia

*Corresponding author :ratnasuhartini@unesa.ac.id

This study aims to determine the level of readiness for the application of teaching factory in the learning process of a Vocational High School Fashion Skills program. It further aims to identify weak factors that require readiness and the strong factors that support the application of teaching factory in the industry-based learning process. This research is descriptive qualitative. This research method is a survey method. The survey was conducted at schools that carry out the teaching factory learning process of five Vocational High Schools in the Fashion Design expertise program in East Java. The research instrument refers to seven parameters of the teaching factory. The results showed that the strong factors in implementing teaching factories were HR, workshop/practice room, products, and services. While the factors that are still weak are management, training learning patterns, and industrial relations. Pages 258 to 275




The technology of Augmented Reality Based 3D Animation with Grinding Machine Forms to Improve Vocational Student’s Understanding Skills in the Era of Educational 4.0

Andika Bagus Nur Rahma Putra1,*, Amat Mukhadis 2, Windra 3, Ahmad Mursyidun Nidhom4, Azhar Ahmad Smaragdina5, Marsono6, Duwi Leksono Edy7, Andi Asari8, Nurul Dzakiya9, Ali Hasbi Ramadani10, Affero Ismail11

1,2,3,4,5,6,7Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

8Faculty of Literature, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

9Faculty of Mineral Technology, Institut Sains&Teknologi Akprind Yogyakarta, Indonesia

10Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Hasyim Asy’ari, Indonesia

11Faculty of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Universiti Tun Hussein Onn Malaysia, Malaysia

*Corresponding author: andika.bagus.ft@um.ac.id

This research aims to (1) develop augmented reality technology based on 3D animation with a grinding machine; (2) test the level of product attractiveness; and (3) test the effectiveness of the product being developed. In this study, the method used is research and development (R&D), followed by quasi-experimental experiments to test its effectiveness. The findings in this study include: (1) augmented reality technology based on 3D animation with a form of grinding machine that was developed to have a relatively high level of attractiveness and completeness of vocational material; (2) augmented reality technology based on 3D animation with a form of grinding machine that was developed proved to be able to improve the skills of understanding vocational students in the era of education 4.0; and (3) the results of research and development in this article can be used as an alternative reference for developing the next learning technology. Pages 276 to 286




An Innovative Strategy to Enlarge Students’ English Vocabulary in Higher Education

Siti Zahro1, Didik Nurhadi2, Nur Atiqah Raduan3 , Nyan-Myau Liau4 , Lismi Animatul Chisbiyah5, Hapsari Kusumawardani6  Esin Sintawati7 & Endang Prahastuti8  

1,2Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia;,

3Seoul National University, Korea;,

4,5National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Taiwan;,

6,7,8Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia;,

English is one of the compulsory subjects in universities in Indonesia. Most of the students dislike this subject because they feel it is difficult to learn English, especially memorising English vocabularies. Deciding the teaching strategy for helping students understand English vocabularies is one of the issues facing teachers. Hence, the purpose of this study is to formulate an innovative strategy teachers can use to enlarge students’ English vocabularies in higher education, especially in the fashion department of Malang State University. This qualitative study involved twenty-six undergraduate students from the fashion department where multiple teaching strategies were implemented and assessed through interviews, observations, and artifacts. The results of this study showed that each strategy has different benefits for students. Therefore, student involvement is important to enrich their English vocabularies. Educators must provide opportunities for students to engage in helpful, meaningful and relatable learning. It is important that educators are aware of setting up the multiple ways that help students to increase their academic achievement consistently. Pages 287 to 307




Measure critical thinking ability: validity and reliability multiple choice test

S I Haryudo1,2,  Ekohariadi2, Munoto2, L Nurlaela2, B I G P Asto2, I Wayan Susila2

1Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

2Vocational Education, Postgraduate Program, Universitas Negeri Surabaya, East Java, Indonesia

Corresponding Author: subuhisnur@unesa.ac.id, ekohariadi@unesa.ac.id, munoto@unesa.ac.id

Critical thinking skills are one of the skills that must be possessed by students as graduate competency standards. Instrument evaluation is needed to evaluate critical thinking skills. This study aims to examine the quality characteristics of multiple choice test instrument items to measure critical thinking skills. The test instrument developed was an Electrical Instrallation Automation test instrument in order to maintain the quality of critical thinking test instruments with the addition of a wider variety of reasoning aspects. The test instrument is in the form of multiple choices which have analysis questions (C4), synthesis (C5), and evaluation (C6). The method of developing research uses the Research and Development (R & D) method. The object of the research was all the answers to the results of the tests of 40 Electrical Engineering students. Data is collected by the method of observation, interview and documentation. Data analysis techniques are qualitative and quantitative using the Test Analysis Program (TAP) application. The results showed that: The instruments developed had good characteristics in terms of validity with the Aiken index content validity (Aiken V) of 0.820 and reliability coefficient of 0.843 in a good (reliable) range. Furthermore, for the difficulty level of 0.560 in the medium category, the average differentiation of 0.333 can be categorised as good and the results of the analysis of the distractor quality are 39 tests that function well. Pages 308 to 323




The Effect of Project-Based Learning which Integrates Tri Kaya Parisudha Concept and Emulation Ability on Students’ Comprehension and Formation of An Entrepreneurial Mindset

N. W. Sukerti1, A. Mukhadis2, T. M. Kiranawati3, H. Suswanto3, D. Nurhadi3,

1Doctoral Student, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

2Full Professor, , Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

3Associate Professor, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia

The purpose of this study was to describe the effect of project-based learning with the integration of the Tri Kaya Parisudha concept and the emulation ability on students’ comprehension, and formation of entrepreneurship mindset in culinary studies. This study used a quasi-experimental design, especially a pretest-posttest nonequivalent control group design. The samples were students of State Vocational High Schools in Bali Province with a total of 12 classes or 412 students, divided into an experimental and a control group. The data were collected with the test of comprehension, emulation ability questionnaire and entrepreneurial mindset questionnaire. The data were then analysed statistically by MANOVA. The results showed that there was a significant difference in the conceptual comprehension and formation of entrepreneurial mindset between the students who were taught by using Tri Kaya Parisudha concept and without this concept. The difference was influenced by the learning syntax. Moreover, high emulation ability was superior in comprehension to the concept and entrepreneurial mindset. There was an interaction between the learning model and the emulation ability, so students had a higher conceptual comprehension and higher formation of entrepreneurial mindset. Pages 324 to 343




Contents and Proportions of Assignments in Primary, Secondary, Vocational, and Higher Education

Sutrisno 1,*, Antelas Eka Winahyo1, Ahmad Dardiri1

1Lecturer of Building Engineering Education Study Program, Civil Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, State University of Malang, Indonesia

*Corresponding author: sutrisno.ft@um.ac.id

This study aimed to determine the content and proportion of assignments at the elementary, secondary, vocational, and higher education levels. The research samples were 53 educational experts from UM, UNESA, UNNES, and UNY Indonesia. This research collected the data using a questionnaire and analysed them using descriptive statistics and Chi-square. The results showed that (1) the content of the assignments at the elementary level was repetitive, at junior high was variation, at high school and vocational school were product planning, at bachelor degree was analysis and inference, at master degree was development, and a doctoral degree was discovery and publication; (2) the proportion of assignment to exam in elementary school was 27% to 73%, in junior high was 37.25% to 62.75%, in high school was 45% to 55%, in vocational school was 62.30% to 37.70%, in bachelor’s degree was 54.20% to 45.80%, in master’s degree was 65.00% to 35.00%, and in doctoral degree was 76.00% to 24.00%; (3) the higher the level of education, the greater the assessment in the form of assignments were; and (4) assessment in vocational school was based more on assignments. Pages 344 to 352




Work-Based Learning through Life Based Learning in Vocational Education to Reduce Unemployment Rates in the Industry 4.0 Era

Yoto1,*, Marsono1, and Bella Cornelia Tjiptady1

1Mechanical Engineering Education Study Program, Universitas Negeri Malang

*Corresponding author : yoto.ft@um.ac.id

The social problem that is in the spotlight for experts in vocational education at this time is the large number of unemployed people who come from graduates of vocational education (SMK) in Indonesia. The challenges faced by Indonesia are also increasing, namely with the increasing demands of companies or industries on the quality of human resources. The job market requires multi-skilled graduates forged by the education system. Therefore, quality improvement is needed, both in terms of education, skills, and the ability to compete in the job market. Following up on this phenomenon, a real government effort is needed to overcome unemployment, namely through a work-based approach through life-based learning. The work-based approach through life-based learning in education has a positive impact on students in improving achievement, motivation, and ultimately has an impact on reducing the unemployment rate. Pages 353 to 360




Obstacles of Implementing a Teaching Factory: An Analysis in Vocational Secondary School

Widiyanti1,*, Renita1, Duwi Leksono Edy1, Roswina Dianawati2

1 Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, State University of Malang

2 Graduate School of Technological and Vocational Education, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology

*Corresponding author: widiyanti.ft@um.ac.id

Teaching factory is a learning model at the vocational secondary school level based on the production of goods or services, which is guided by industry standards and procedures. The teaching factory concept is conducted by implementing a combined curriculum prepared by vocational secondary schools and industrial parties so that it is implemented in an atmosphere of factory work. The purpose of this study is to analyse the obstacles that cause teaching factories to not work ideally. This research uses a quantitative descriptive approach, with the type of survey research that is carried out in 32 vocational secondary schools in Malang. The 32 schools are classified into 3 classes, those that have been implemented, not yet implemented and are in the planning stage of teaching factory implementation. Barriers to implementation are reviewed in terms of learning, human resources, facilities, and collaboration networks. The data collection method is done through questionnaires. The results showed that the teaching factory vocational secondary schools had the biggest obstacles in the learning aspect, while the vocational secondary schools that had not implemented the teaching factory had obstacles in human resources. Pages 361 to 376




The Vocational Education Needs in Managing Local Potential in Upland and Coastal Areas: A Perspective of Local Government

Syaiful Nur Rohmad1,*, Eddy Sutadji1, Yoto1

1Vocational Education Departement, State University of Malang

*Corresponding author : syaifulnurrohmad@gmail.com

Geographically, Indonesia has an area stretching from upland to coastal. With these conditions, Indonesia has various potentials with each region having its own peculiarities. The government's attention to local potency has actually been shown in education. With the existence of regional autonomy, each region must be able to prepare vocational schools based on local potential with a number and areas of expertise that are in accordance with their respective regions. Therefore, local government is one of the important elements that can realise the compatibility between vocational high schools (VHS). So, this research will find out what VHS majors are expected by the local government, especially the sub-district government to manage local potential. This research uses a descriptive  qualitative approach. The results show there are different competency requirements to manage local potential with different geographical conditions. The difference is clearly seen, dominant local potential in the highland is agriculture and the dominant potential in coastal areas is fisheries. Under these conditions, the goverment needs VHS graduates to manage local potentials of their areas. Major requirements in the highlands are technology and enginering, information and communication technology, health and social worke  rs, agribusiness and agrotechnology, business and management, tourism, art and creative industries. Majors required on the coast are technology and engineering, information and communication technology, health and social workers, agribisness and agrotechnology, maritime affairs, business and management, tourism, arts and creative industries. Pages 377 to 386




EduKits 4.0 for Learning Solar Power Energy Conversion on Junior High School

Aripriharta1,*, Kusubakti Andajani2, Nandang Mufti3, Parlan4, I Wayan Dasna5, Siti Aisyah6, Gwo Jiun Horng7

1, 6 Department of Electrical Engineering, Universitas Negeri Malang

2 Department of Indonesia Languange, Universitas Negeri Malang

3 Department of Physics, Universitas Negeri Malang

4, 5 Department of Chemistry, Universitas Negeri Malang

7 Department of Electronics Engineering, Southern Taiwan University of Science and Technology

*Corresponding author: aripriharta.ft@um.ac.id

Solar cells are being widely developed in various applications such as power plants, street lighting, battery replacements on portable devices, and so on. But its use in daily life in Indonesia is still minimal. This is because public understanding about solar cells, in general, is still lacking. Therefore, there needs to be an effort to educate the public about solar cells so that this technology can be used as part of students’ learning from an early age so that the future generations can properly utilise solar cells; so that they are also inspired to develop them with more innovation. But learning about solar cells in schools is still very rarely done because of various factors including lack of learning devices about solar cells that are systematic and appropriate to the level of development of students, teacher competencies that have not received sufficient stock about solar cells, and most of the literature is in foreign languages. Therefore, it is necessary for learning tools that make it easier for teachers to teach the students. In this paper, we proposed an Edukit 4.0 as a learning tool for the junior high school level that is easy to understand, interesting, and a measurable evaluation system. The EduKits 4.0 is equipped with smartphone apps to provide visual interface for experiments and learning in the education 4.0 environment. The obtained results show the positive gain in learning experiences for students. Pages 387 to 397




The Effect of Innovation in the Culinary Processing of Bitter Melon (Momordica charantia) on Wistar Rats’ Change in Glucose Level (Rattus norvegicus)

Rohajatien Ummi1*, Harijono2, EstiasihTeti2, Sriwahyuni Endang3

1Department of Industrial Technology, Universitas Negeri Malang, Jl. Semarang No.5

2Food Science and Technology Department, Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang, Indonesia 65145

3Faculty of Medicine, Brawijaya University, Jl. Veteran Malang

*Corresponding author : Ummi.rohajatien.ft@um.ac.id ; ummir99@gmail.com

This research was aimed at investigating the innovation effect of processing bitter melon fruit culinary on the change of glucose level of diabetic rats. Hyperglycaemia of the rats’ condition was done with induced Streptozotocin (STZ) using the change of glucose level test for a 4-week experiment. Another test that was done was a glucose response test and a short-chain fatty acid test (SCFAs). The 30 rats were divided into 5 experimental groups: group 1 belonged to normal rats and this was the control group; group II was rats with hyperglycaemia; groups III, IV and V were hyperglycaemic rats with a diet of boiling bitter melon, steaming bitter melon and sautéing bitter melon. The research findings showed that giving a diet of bitter melon with boiling treatment, steaming and sautéing, caused a significant (p<0.05) change in the rats’ glucose level, SCFAs profile and inhibition of glucose absorption. Creativity in bitter melon culinary processing produced sautéed bitter melon that inhibited glucose absorption greater than steamed and boiled bitter melon. SCFAs profile produced were acetic acid > propionate acid > butyrate acid. This fact can prevent coronary heart disease. Pages 398 to 414


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