A Systematic Review of M-learning in Formal Education

Mohamad Ikram Zakariaa, Siti Mistima Maatb*, Fariza Khalidc, a,b,cFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email : b*sitimistima@ukm.edu.my

In the recent years, mobile learning has changed the way humans live to learn. Development of M-learning has led to an era of new learning, namely mobile learning involving computers, tablets and mobile phones, which is the core mechanism of M-learning presentation. This study takes a systematic approach to assess the users’ perspectives, perceptions and adoption to M-learning and M-learning in formal education. This study used comprehensive analysis and synthesis of 66 articles from the year 2010 until 2018 including full-text articles and peer review journal articles from Google Scholar and ERIC for better comparison between sources. Results of this study show that quantitative was the most used method in exploring the users’ perspective and perception to M-learning and M-learning in formal education. This review explores the users’ experience in any level of education using mobile tools in formal learning. In addition, it analyses the issues and constraints in implementing mobile learning in formal education, such as confidentiality, integrity and privacy of data. Overall, the results of this study show that 95% of  users agreed that M-learning has a positive impact on formal education by increasing the quality of education and various mobile tools that can be used as the implementation of M-learning inside and outside the classroom. Pages 1 to 25




The Development of the KARA Module Based on Experiential Learning Approaches in the Three-Dimensional Geometry Blocks Topic for Lower Secondary School Students

Elfis Suantoa, Effandi Zakariab, Siti Mistima Maatc*, a,b,cFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: c*sitimistima@ukm.edu.my

The global transition of mathematics teaching from focusing on cognitive algorithmic skills to higher order thinking skills (HOTs) has given rise to the challenge and effect of mathematics teaching and learning in Indonesia. Moreover, teachers in Indonesia have not yet used instructional instruments and various methods, especially in mathematics teaching. This study aims to develop a KARA module that is based on Kolb’s experiential learning approach in a Three-Dimensional Geometry topic in the subtopics:- cube, cuboid, prism and pyramid. The module adapted the Research and Development design by using a modified ADDIE model and involved 42 purposively-selected students. The findings show that the KARA module developed can be used by mathematics teachers at SMP. The development of KARA teaching and learning module based on Kolb’s experiential learning approach can foster and enhance various abilities and achievements of students. The development of this module can bring implications to the application of learning approaches integration, mathematics teaching and learning (PdP) and mathematics curriculum drafter. Therefore, further studies are suggested to test the effectiveness of the module on students’ mathematics achievement. Pages 26 to 46




 Influence of Instructional Supervisory Qualities on Science Teachers’ Teaching Competency

Mohd Zaid Ismaila, Azlin Norhaini Mansorb*, Zanaton Iksanc, aSM. Sains Hulu Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia, b,cCentre of Educational Leadership and Policy, Fakulti of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: b*azlinmansor@ukm.edu.my

Instructional supervision of teaching in the classroom is one of the most important parts of school management. As such, the main purpose of instructional supervision is to help teachers improve their teaching practices to increase students’ learning. The quality of instructional supervision is needed to improve teachers’ teaching competency. Hence, supervisory leadership personnel should have the appropriate knowledge and skills to supervise their teachers. Thus, the purposes of this study were (i) to assess principals’ instructional supervisory qualities and science teachers’ teaching competency, and (ii) to test the relationship between instructional supervisory qualities and teaching competency. This study was done quantitatively using a questionnaire survey on 311 science teachers in Terengganu, Malaysia. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS version 20.0 and involved descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The descriptive analysis revealed that the principals’ instructional supervisory qualities and science teachers’ teaching competency were at high levels. The inferential analysis from the t-test found no significant difference in the teaching competency of different gender and the schools’ location. One-way ANOVA tests also showed that there was no significant difference in the teaching competency of science teachers with different experience levels. Further analysis using Pearson's Correlation showed a significant relationship between the instructional supervisory qualities and science teachers’ teaching competency.  Though the findings showed the instructional supervisory qualities were at a high level, there is still room for improvement, especially in the research and evaluation dimension. Therefore, it is recommended that the culture of conducting research in supervision practices among school principals be fostered to enhance the effectiveness of it’s  function as a tool in assessing teachers’ teaching competency. Pages 47 to 63




Refining Indicators for Measuring Social Capital Index

Mohd Mahzan Awanga*, Zuria Mahmudb, Salleh Amatc, Mohd Izwan Mahmudd, Harun Baharudine, Abu Yazid Abu Bakarf, Aliza Aliasg, Ku Suhaila Ku Ali @ Ku Joharih, Dharatun Nissa Puad Mohd Karii, Abdul Razaq Ahmadj, Nawar Fasehah Mohd Ehwank, a,b,c,d,e,f,g,h,i,j,kFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: a*mahzan@ukm.edu.my

The current study aims at identifying, validating and refining indicators for measuring social capital index by using Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) and Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA). These analyses were used to validate indicators in measuring social capital index. The indicators used for the analyses was based on several past empirical research that has been identified to have three main constructs: (1) understanding, cooperation and reciprocity, (2) norms and values, and (3) trust. A screening process was carried out to select the most relevant items. It was then verified by sociological and educational experts. The final list of indicators then was used as an instrument for collecting response from 166 participants in Malaysia. Data collected was analysed using Exploratory Factor Analysis and Confirmatory Factor Analysis. Results showed that only 23 indicators from three constructs are valid and reliable to be used. Results also suggest there are four new constructs emerged for measuring social capital index. All of the 23 indicators have been identified and rearranged into four new constructs that are (1) collective action, (2) identification and confidence, (3) beliefs and (4) trust. These indicators are valid and need to be given attention in measuring social capital index. Pages 64 to 79




Online Innovation of Business Start-up Training for Marginalised Communities via MOOCS

Norazah Nordina, Helmi Normanb*, Hafiz Zainic, Fairus Hamdand, Melor Md Yunuse, Nor Hafizah Adnanf, Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: b*helmi.norman@ukm.edu.my

The 21st century has seen the emergence of successful business start-ups such as Facebook and Uber. Yet, according to UNESCO, marginalised communities are socially excluded due to socio-economic disparities and large income gaps. Business start-ups are among the alternatives that could enhance social-economic conditions. Previous studies have indicated that these communities are left behind in business start-ups as they lack proper education and training in strategic management of business start-ups. Previous studies have also indicated that massive open online courses (MOOCs) could be potentially used to assist them to have access to knowledge on business start-ups. Thus, this study investigates factors of successful strategic management of business start-ups for marginalised communities via MOOCs by using the interpretive structural modelling approach. Findings indicate that the most important factor of business start-up for marginalised communities are business networking and social support. The study produced a model that could be useful for future researchers in the area of strategic management of business start-ups for marginalised communities via MOOCs. Pages 80 to 88




Pre-Competition Anxiety Levels among Malaysian High-Performance Athletes

Wan Ahmad Munsif Wan Paa, Norlena Salamuddinb*, Noraziah Mohamad Zinc, a,bFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, cFaculty of Health Science, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Jalan Raja Muda Abdul Aziz, 50300 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia,  Email : b* lena@ukm.edu.my

A total of 98 high performance athletes (65 males and 33 females) compete in different type of sports at Majlis Sukan Universiti Malaysia (MASUM) 2019 and volunteered to participate in this study to compare their pre-competition anxiety levels. This research was conducted using the data collection survey technique and the instrument of Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2) by Martens, Burton, Vealey, Bump, & Smith (1990) was adopted to measure the pre-competition anxiety levels of the respondents. This instrument consisted of 3 components which is cognitive anxiety, somatic anxiety and self-confidence. The result of Cronbach’s Alpha (reliability test) is 0.709. There was a significant difference between gender for self-confidence t (66.106) = 2.772 and p = .007 (p < 0.05). Results showed that male athletes have a higher self-confidence (M = 2.54) compared to female athletes (M = 2.21). With the findings of the study, we can say that gender has an effect on self-confidence in high performance athletes.  Pages 89 to 101




Science Teacher’s Knowledge, Understanding and Readiness in Dealing with the Education Transformation of the 4th Industrial Revolution

Nor Azizah binti Junida, Tuan Mastura Tuan Sohb*, Siti Nur Diyana Mahmudc, Zanaton H Iksand, a,b,c,dFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi Selangor, Malaysia, Email: b*tuanmastura@ukm.edu.my

The purpose of this study is to identify the level of science teacher’s knowledge, understanding and readiness in dealing with the education transformation in the 4th Industrial Revolution (4IR). This study was conducted on 151 secondary school science teachers. Data were analysed by descriptive (mean, percentage & standard deviation) and inference (MANOVA & Pearson Correlation) analysis using Statistical Package for Social Sciences. Descriptive findings indicated that the level of teacher’s knowledge, understanding and readiness in dealing with 4IR is at a moderate level. MANOVA analysis found no significant differences in teacher’s knowledge, understanding and readiness in terms of gender and teaching experience. Pearson Correlation also found that there was no significant relationship between teaching experience and gender on their level of knowledge, understanding and readiness in dealing with the 4IR. In conclusion, this study proposes that exposures to the 4IR should be made more widely available to ensure that every teacher is able to cope with this increasingly challenging educational transformation. Pages 102 to 119




A Whole-of-University Approach towards Sustainability in a Research Institute: A Force-Field Analysis

Siti Nur Diyana Mahmuda*, Nurfaradilla Mohd Nasrib, Sharifah Intan Sharina Syed Abdullahc, a,bFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, cSchool of Education, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, 43400 Seri Kembangan, Selangor, Malaysia. Email: a*diyana@ukm.edu.my

The objective of this paper is to examine the driving and restraining factors to the implementation of a whole-of-university approach towards sustainability in a Malaysian research university. This study was framed in a qualitative paradigm of inquiry that utilised a case study design. The data were derived from semi-structured interviews with 10 experts in sustainability research and teaching in the Malaysian case university. The findings demonstrated that the driving factors for the whole-of-university approach towards sustainability were, i) financial support and ii) lecturers’ autonomy. Meanwhile, the resistance to institutional change towards the whole-of-university approach were, the i) lack of accreditation pressure for linking learning to research and campus operation, ii) few co-ordination bodies to support sustainability activities, and iii) non-contextualised learning. The restraining forces outweighed the driving forces. Therefore, the systemic transformation for sustainability is difficult to be enacted in this university context. Pages 120 to 134




The Effects of Physical Environment on Density and Anopheles Species in Maribu Village, West Sentani District in 2017

Renold M. Mofua, Nawang Wulanb, Marlin M Jaronac, Bruce Mehued, Arwam Hermanuse, Jems KR Maayf*, a,b,c,d,e,fHealth Environment School, Nursing Program,  Health Polytechnic of Jayapura, Jalan Padang Bulan 2, Hedam, District Heram, Jayapura City, Papua, Indonesia, Email: f*jemskrmaay@yahoo.co.id

In Indonesia in 2014, the Annual Parasite Incident (API) was 24/1000 with the population with malaria mortality reaching 1.3%. In Papua Province the API in 2013 was 63.69 / 1000 population; in Jayapura Regency in 2016 it was 57.29 / 1000 population; in the Dosay health centre in 2016 it was 1,455 cases and in Maribu village it was 349 cases. There are about 80 species of Anopheles, while there are 24 species declared as malaria vectors. The Provinces of Papua and West Papua (Tanah Papua) based on an Entomology Survey conducted from 2006 to 2014 by the Papua Biomedical Research and Development Centre found Anopheles species are as follows: An. farauti, An. punctulatus, An. koliensis, An. bancroft, An. kochi, An. tessellatus. This illustrates that the Land of Papua is still a malaria-endemic area whose development has continued to occur because it has a bionomic and vector potential. The purpose of this determination is to study the effect of physical environmental factors on the density and species of Anopheles. This type of research is analytic observational with a cross-sectional study design. Catching mosquitoes is done in 3 neighbouring accounts (RT), where each RT takes 1 point (house). Statistical analysis is achieved with a Pearson test. The analysis showed that the density of Anopheles was as low at 3.4 fish/person/hour and the highest was 4.8 fish/person/hour. The Anopheles species is An. koliensi, Ani and An. punctulatus. There is a relationship between air humidity, temperature and wind speed with the density of the Anopheles vector where (r = 0.957, r = 0.616, r = -0.811). This study suggests that: environmental modifications and manipulations need to be increased, greater coverage of the use of mosquito nets, improved community behaviour and comprehensive and longitudinal research on risk factors for malaria events. Pages 135 to 147




 The Insight of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 in the Higher Education System

M.F. Halima,  Mukhamad  Shokhehb*, M. Hafiz Harunc, Mansoureh Ebrahimid, Kamaruzaman Yusoffe, Romadif, a,cFaculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bharu, Malaysia, a,cFaculty of Mechanical and Manufacturing Engineering Technolgy, Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka, Melaka, Malaysia, b,d,eIslamic Civilization Academy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor Bharu, Malaysia , b,fDepartment of History, Faculty of Social Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia, Email: b*shokheh@mail.unnes.ac.id

The fourth industrial revolution involves automation technology presenting new challenges to all sectors in the country that require them to make changes in line with the digital transformation to remain competitive. The higher education sector is one of the sectors most impressed with the development of this fourth industrial revolution. To achieve that goal, it requires a higher education institute that is more flexible and ready to face new challenges so that any class of society will not be left out in the globalisation and digital era. This paper will focus on exploring the impact of Higher Education (HE) 4.0 on the challenges, chances and opportunity in engineering education. The question is how does the institution, curriculum and readiness of the infrastructure adapt to the changes? What new skills are needed to deal with uncertainly and risk enhancing creativity in business thinking? Many articles are analysed and summarised to provide insight to the challenges, chances and opportunities of the Industrial revolution 4.0 in HE. Finally, this article will update the engineering education system status quo and prepare to implement and be a driving factor for the industrial revolution 4.0. Pages 148 to 163




Changing Memorisation to High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) in Foreign Language Acquisition  

Hamidah Yamata*, Mohd Yusri Kamarudinb, Nik Mohd Rahimi Nik Yusoffc, a,b,cFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: a*hamidah_yamat@ukm.edu.my

Memorisation has always been seen as a lower order thinking skill (LOTS). However, in foreign language acquisition, memorisation is inevitable. This paper attempts to present and discuss a Case Study on acquiring Arabic vocabulary through memorisation with the aim to rethink memorisation process as a higher order thinking skill (HOTS). The study involved four purposively chosen Arabic language elementary school teachers. Two research questions were addressed: i) How is memorisation employed, and ii) Why is memorisation applied in foreign language acquisition? Data was gathered through in-depth interviews and triangulated with observations and document analysis. Findings show that the Arabic language teachers applied vocabulary memorisation as HOTS through the use of i) repetition, ii) flashcards, iii) ICT, iv) imagination, and v) nasheed (singing in Arabic language). While the rationale illuminated were for: i) long-term memory, ii) foundation to other cognitive verbs, and iii) interactive learning. It can therefore be concluded that memorisation has a higher level in the education hierarchy. Pages 164 to 180




Online learning: Readiness for Using MOOCs by Postgraduate Students

Md Yusoff Dauda, Mohd Jasmy Abd Rahmanb, Farah Nurshahira Zulkiflic*, a,b,cFaculty of  Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: c*farahnurshahira92@gmail.com 

The education system applies great effort in strengthening the potential of individuals as a balanced, harmonious and literate generation. The direction needs to be strengthened from all aspects of innovation in teaching and learning pedagogy. The purpose of this study is to identify the readiness, barriers and their relationship for postgraduate students by using MOOCs as an innovative platform for online learning. There were 306 respondents involved in this survey. The results show that postgraduate student have a high level of readiness and no barriers in using MOOCs as a new learning platform. Educators nowadays should be dynamic, proactive and responsive to any changes in technology strategies to their teaching. They should to be more creative and diversify delivery methods to their students'. This can help to increase students' motivation and interest towards learning. Pages 181 to 196




Families’ Acceptance of Children with Down Syndrome and Learning Disabilities

Zuhda Husaina, Salleh Amatb*, Abu Yazid Abu Bakarc, Wan Ibrahim Wan Mudad, a,dFaculty of Business, Economic, Social Development, Universti Malaysia Terengganu, 21030 Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia, b,cFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: b*sallehba@ukm.edu.my

Family relationships are essential to strengthening the interaction between parents and children. However, the relationships are different for families who have children with disabilities. This study was conducted to identify families’ acceptance of children with disabilities by focusing on social comparison and evaluation within the family. This quantitative study was distributed to 148 respondents from families who have children with Down Syndrome and Learning Disabilities. The Kansas Inventory of Parental Perceptions (KIPP) questionnaire, which was adapted from Behr and Murphy, measures the acceptance of family members from the aspects of Comparative Social and Self-Assessment. The study found that families’ acceptance level is high, indicating families are beginning to accept the presence of their children with disabilities. Meanwhile, there were no gender and age differences in the family’s acceptance of children with disabilities for Comparative Social and Self-Assessment. Despite acceptance patterns diverging between sexes, future research needs to be more detailed in analysing disability type and its severity by considering the social aspects of the process of parental acceptance. Pages 197 to 214




Strategies for Implementing Green Business in Indonesian Small and Medium-sized Enterprises

Heri Yantoa*, Anik Susantib, Kiswantoc, Niswah Barorohd, Agus Wibowoe, a,b,c,dFaculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia, eFaculty of Economics, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, Indonesia, Email: a*heri.yanto@mail.unnes.ac.id

Environmental problems are not only the responsibility of government, but the responsibility of everyone. In the Indonesian business context, large-sized enterprises (LSEs) are required to control and manage environmental impacts caused by their operations. Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), which have reached 59.2 million in number, have potential to contribute to environmental impacts around the area of their operation. Green business is a relatively new concept that is not widely understood by SME entrepreneurs. The purpose of this study is to identify the antecedent variables of intention to implement green business by SMEs. By using extended TAM, this study covered six variables, four internal variables and two external variables. The results show that the intention to adopt green business (IGB) was affected by the attitude (ATT) of SME entrepreneurs. Furthermore, ATT is only influenced by the perceived ease of use green business (PEU). Trust as an external variable does not affect the perception of usefulness (PU), but affects the PEU. Risk negatively affects PU and positively affects PEU. Mastery of knowledge about green business becomes an obstacle in implementing green business. The government, universities, and NGOs need to work together to set standards, socialise, control, and evaluate the implementation of green business among SMEs.  Pages 215 to 233




Perceptions of Career Counselling Services among Undergraduate Students

Aden, E.a, Amat, S.b*, Mahmud, M.I.c, Annuar, A.d, Ghazali, N.M.e, a,b,cFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, d,eFaculty of Cognitive Sciences and Human Development, Universiti Malaysia Sarawak, 94300 Kota Samarahan, Sarawak, Malaysia, Email: b*sallehba@ukm.edu.my

Career counselling services are essential to increase the employability of university graduates. This study aimed to explore the perceptions of university students to the career counselling practices at public universities. Two males and four females were involved in this study. Their involvement was on a voluntary-basis. The data were collected using a semi-structured interview method and analysed using NVivo 12 software. Three (3) themes have been identified from the analysis which include: (i) refusal factor, (ii) attraction factor, and (iii) career counselling service improvement at public universities. Ten sub-themes that emerged from the themes were: ethics, counsellor’s knowledge level, counsellor’s experiences, types of mentoring, locations of counselling and career units, student’s ignorance, intensifying counselling and career activities and increasing promotions. To conclude, counsellor’s personality, knowledge, and skills influence the utilisation pattern of career counselling services and counsellors are advised to continually improve their knowledge and skills in line with the client’s needs. Pages 234 to 249




The Experiences of ESL Workplace Writers and their Writing Literacy

Melor Md Yunusa*, Nurul Kamalia Yusufb, a,bFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: a*melor@ukm.edu.my , bnurulkamalia@yahoo.com   

The inability of new workers to perform efficiently at their L2 writing tasks results in complaints amongst employers. L2 workplace writing literacy encompasses the practices that conform the nature of the organisation. This study aims to explore the experiences of the L2 workplace writers to arrive at an understanding of the writers’ backgrounds and their workplace writing literacy. The understanding shows the skills deficits that graduates might have. The empirical phenomenological approach was used for exploration. Seven millennial generation workers experiences were gathered by using two-phase in-depth interviews and self-portraits methods of data collection. Their responses were analysed based on the van Kaam’s seven-step systematic thematic analysis. It was found that L2 writers' backgrounds were explained through their L2 proficiency, which shows that they had a good foundation in the language and confidence in using the language for that purpose. In terms of workplace literacy, their experiences have revealed the manifestation of transitions that the participants made through their engagement with the situated activities. The transition is shown by the improvement in the L2 and written tasks through gradual learning on-the-job. Thus, the participants possess good ESL foundation to perform their tasks and established their workplace literacy in the transition they made through on-the-job learning. It implies that workplace writing literacy in ESL education focuses on learning through situated activities writing. Future work should examine the relationship between language proficiency and situated learning dimensions in workplace literacy studies. Pages 250 to 261




Principals’ Knowledge and Skills in Co-curricular Management

Bity Salwana Aliasa*, Azlin Norhaini Mansorb, Mohd Radzi Ishakc, Azlina Abdul Azizd, a,b,c,dCentre of Educational Leadership and Policy,  Faculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: a*bity@ukm.edu.my, bazlinmansor@ukm.edu.mycp97220@siswa.ukm.edu.mydazlina1@ukm.edu.my

A school principal’s inability to manage co-curricular activities effectively and efficiently can potentially have an adverse effect on student achievement. Achievement in co-curricular activities is crucial since it has become a compulsory requirement for students to further their studies at higher education institutions. However, management of co-curricular activities is often being empowered to senior assistants, whereas, as a school manager, the principal should have the necessary knowledge and skills to manage these activities. Hence, the aim of this quantitative survey study is to examine the level of knowledge and skills of Malaysia’s principals in managing co-curricular activities. The instrument used for this study was a questionnaire, which was distributed to a total of 1645 respondents, consisting of 314 principals, 720 senior assistants and 611 senior teachers. Overall, the main findings from this study show that the knowledge and skills of these principals is high with the mean score of 4.21 and 4.23 respectively. However, in certain areas, these principals’ knowledge is still low, therefore, they are encouraged to practice lifelong learning to strengthen their knowledge and skills in co-curricular activities management. Pages 262 to 273




Examining the Excellence in Higher Education (EHE) Program in the Disruptive Era

Moh Khoiruddina*, S. Martonob, Nury Ariani Wulansaric, Siti Ridloahd, a,b,c,dDepartment of Management, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia, Email: a*khoiruddin@mail.unnes.ac.id 

This research examined the Excellence in Higher Education (EHE) program as an approach that can be implemented to realise bureaucracy reform at Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia (UNNES) in the disruptive era. The sample was 165 respondents, which included lecturers and educational staff in UNNES. The method of data processing is done by Exploratory Factor Analysis to build the construct model of EHE. The results showed that the seven EHE programs can be implemented in an effort to improve the success of bureaucratic reform in UNNES. This study also inferred that aspects of EHE have a positive and significant influence on the performance of UNNES. Pages 274 to 287




Fostering a Knowledge and Environmental Care Attitude Through an Environmental Theme Education Module

Saiful Ridloa*, Novian Fitri Nuranib, Lutfia Nur Hadiyantic, a,cDepartment of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Indonesia, b Alumni, Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang Indonesia, Email: a*saiful_ridlo@mail.unnes.ac.id

The results of the development of an environmental education module for biology learning on the environmental theme were judged based on the BNSP (National Institution of Educational Standard) instrument. The study analysed the effect of the module implementation on learning environmental education (EE). Research has been done on fourth-grade students of UNNES Lab School, i.e. class A as experimental class and B as control class, by quasi-experimental design. Information on the improvement of 'environmental care' learning outcomes were from tests and questionnaires of environmental concerns on the dimensions of knowledge, curiosity, investigation and evaluation as well as verbal commitment. The N-gain data of pre-test and post-test and environment care scores were analysed by a t-test. The results showed that there was a difference in the improvement of the students' knowledge of the experimental class with control. Likewise, environmental attitudes show a difference in attitude improvement. Improvement of knowledge and attitude in experimental class is higher than control class. Based on this research, it is found that the learning environment facilitated by the EE module could increase knowledge and attitudes of environment care. This result is reinforced by students and teachers' responses that express well in the learning setting. Pages 288 to 300




 The Function of Eco-Lexicons in Conservation News Texts Published in Mass Media

Tommi Yuniawana*, Fathur RokhmanbRustonoc, Hari Bakti Mardikantorod, Ida Zulaehae, Untung Yuwonof, Harun Joko Prayitnog, Muhammad Rohmadih, a,b,c,d,eFaculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Semarang, fFaculty of Humanities, Universitas Indonesia, gFaculty of Teacher Training and Education Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, hFaculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Sebelas Maret, Email: a*tommiyuniawan@mail.unnes.ac.id

This research aims at analysing the function of eco-lexicons contained in conservation news texts published in mass media. The research data are in the form of conservation news text fragments presumably containing eco-lexicons. The data are then analysed using eco-linguistic distributional and referential method with an interactive analysis technique. Based on data analysis, the function of eco-lexicons contained in the conservation news texts published in mass media are as follows: (1) instrumental function, such as stating a dynamic movement; (2) representational function consisting of: (a) giving names, (b) describing characters, (c) describing activities (d) referring to a place, (e) stating art diversity, (f) describing situations, and (g) expressing types. The function of eco-lexicons contained in the conservation news texts is to provide a better understanding and knowledge for the society regarding environmental literacy. Thus, the function of eco-lexicons is to provide meaning to the environment. Pages 301 to 313




Enhancing 21st Century Students’ Listening Skills via Augmented Reality and Mobile Applications

Wan Faizatul Azirah Ismayatima, Nursyuhada’ Ab Wahabb, Melor Md Yunusc*, Nur Adibah Zamrid, Nur Dalila Mohamad Nazrie, Harwati Hashimf, a,dUniversiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor, Malaysia, bUniversiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Malaysia, c,fFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, eUniversiti Sains Islam Malaysia, Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia, Email:,  c*melor@ukm.edu.my

Students in the 21st century want to be taught lessons that are closely related to current real-life situations (Manuel et al., 2018) and have technology integrated as a learning tool (Prensky, 2001). Unfortunately, most of the present listening lessons do not cater to the needs of 21st century learners and are considered traditional as the lessons utilise less updated technology and audio only methods in teaching listening skills. In today’s world, where students’ lives and the internet cannot be separated, listening lessons using the students’ mobile phones as well as audio and moving visual images (video media) is made possible. When using mobile phones and video media approaches, students not only have unlimited access to authentic videos online, but also have the freedom and flexibility to pause, stop or replay the video according to their needs. Therefore, through the incorporation of Augmented Reality (AR) and mobile applications, a model of listening practices namely MyEVO is developed. This innovation is aimed to modernise the existing traditional method in the teaching and learning of listening skills into an on-the-go practice. Pages 314 to 325




Emotional Intelligence Attributes for Engineering Graduates of the Industrial Revolution 4.0

Fathiyah Mohd Kamaruzamania, Roszilah Hamidb, Azrul A. Mutalibc, Mohamad Sattar Rasuld*, a,dFaculty of Education, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia,  b,cFaculty of Engineering and Built Environment, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 UKM Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia, Email: afathiyah@ukm.edu.mybroszilah@ukm.edu.mycaazrul@ukm.edu.myd*drsattar@ukm.edu.my

The emergence of the technology wave known as The Fourth Industrial Revolution (IR 4.0) changes the landscape of the future work environment such that graduates will be required to equip themselves with new skills. Emotional intelligence (EI) is among the skills demanded by graduates in facing the current challenges in the IR 4.0 and subsequently, meeting the demands of the job markets. However, previous studies carried out on EI in the engineering field have only focused on the assessment and impact of EI. Nevertheless, the suitable traits or attributes for EI need to be established to enable the effective assessment of EI. Therefore, this study was conducted to derive EI attributes using a systematic review method considering previous studies on emotional quotient (EQ) inventory worldwide. A crosswalk of six selected EQ inventories was produced in this study. Based on the crosswalk, five emerging themes were identified namely: understanding one’s emotions, self-emotional awareness, conscientiousness of emotions, emotional influence and managing emotions. The findings of this study formed an appropriate attribute of EI that can be applied to IR 4.0 engineering graduates. Pages 326 to 343




How Does the Rasch Model Justify Multiple Choice Question Items as a Measure of Student Understanding of Acid-Base Material at the Sub-microscopic Level?

Atiek Winartia*, Almubarakb, Syubhan Annurc, a,bChemistry Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia, cPhysics Education Department, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,  Lambung Mangkurat University, Indonesia,

Email: a*atiekwin_kimia@ulm.ac.id

The purpose of this study is to determine the item quality of acid-base assessment instruments on the sub-microscopic level using the Rasch model. This is achieved by identifying logit values and Rasch reliability components for each item (Multiple Choice Questions/MCQs). The method used was a quantitative approach. The data was collected by using the instrument which consisted of 15 items of acid-base assessment at the sub-microscopic level. Analysis of the data was conducted by using the Rasch model to probe the reliability of the item. Based on the data, the item reliability (0.99) of the assessment instrument on chemistry material at the sub-microscopic level can be stated as a measurement tool of the chemistry concept understanding especially on acid-base material. In addition, MCQs based at the sub-microscopic level was an alternative way of detecting student understanding in chemistry material. Therefore, the concept of justification of items with the Rasch model can be used as a reference for improving student understanding, quality of teaching and learning, and guidelines in designing chemistry learning strategies based on an analysis of student understanding. Pages 344 to 360




Product Label Translation in Indonesia: Mistakes, Quality and Solutions

Rudi Hartonoa*, Mohamed Nor Azhari Azmanb, a English Language and Literature Department, Faculty of Languages and Arts, Universitas Negeri Semarang, Semarang, Indonesia, bFaculty of Technical and Vocational, Sultan Idris Education University, Tanjung Malim, Perak, Malaysia.

*Corresponding Author Email: rudi.hartono@mail.unnes.ac.id

In this increasingly modern world, we cannot be separated from information and communication both oral and written. The result of translation is a form of written information and communication media for many people. A good and correct translation will provide accurate information about the message delivered. On the contrary, misinformation will mislead readers and be very dangerous and detrimental to many people. In regards to this, we found many grammatical, sentence structure, phrase structure, word choice, and spelling mistakes in the translation of product packaging labels. The translation quality is often inaccurate and unacceptable. This is why we investigate a variety of mistakes, qualities of translation and provide solutions for better packaging label translations. This research used a descriptive qualitative approach with a case study design. We used four documents of soft drink product labels produced in Indonesia. The data were analysed using content analysis referring to the American Translators Association (ATA's Framework for Standardized Mistake Marking). Based on the results of the study it was found that the product label translation had a misunderstanding of original text, mistranslation into the target language, addition or omission mistakes, defection in selecting a term or word choice, too much literal translation and word by word translation, mistakes in grammar, defects in punctuation and mistakes in spelling. It also showed fair quality in content and presentation of text and poor quality in mechanics. Pages 361 to 381


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